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The Cotton States and International Exposition in Context

1863

         Emancipation Proclamation was signed by Abraham Lincoln


1865

         The end of the Civil War


         13th Amendment abolishing slavery is ratified


         Black Codes enacted in much of the South


         President Abraham Lincoln is assassinated


         Vice President Andrew Johnson becomes president


1866

         Ku Klux Klan is formed


         First transatlantic telegraph cable is laid


1867

         Congress passes a series of Reconstruction Acts


         The United States buys Alaska from Russia for 7.2 million dollars


1868

          14th Amendment is ratified


          President Andrew Jackson is elected


1869

          Transcontinental railroad is completed


          National Woman Suffrage Association is formed


1870

          First African American U.S. Senator, Hiram Revels, is elected


          15th Amendment, enfranchising African Americans, is ratified


1875

           Civil Rights Act passed banning discrimination of African Americans in public places

1876

           Native Americans defeat Custer at Battle of Little Bighorn, or Custer's Last Stand

1872

           P. B. S. Pinchback became the first African American governor

1873

          Typewriter invented


1876

          Rutherford B. Hayes elected president of the United States
         

          Telephone invented


1877

          Reconstruction ends


          Phonograph invented


1879

          Incandescent light blub invented


1880

          James Garfield elected president


1881

          President James Garfield is shot in an assassination attempt

          Vice-President Chester A. Arthur becomes president

          Booker T. Washington founds the Tuskegee Institute for African Americans

          President James Garfield dies from his gunshot wound

          49 African Americans lynched in a single year

          Congress enacts the Chinese Exclusion Act


1883

         The roller coaster is invented


         Civil Rights Act of 1875 declared unconstitutional by Supreme Court

 
1884

        Skyscraper is invented


1885

        Kodak camera is invented


1887

         Dawes Act enacted, which broke up Native American tribal lands into individual                    homesteads


1888

         First gasoline powered car invented


1890

         Massacre at Wounded Knee Creek where U.S. troops opened fire on Native                          Americans, killing 146


1892

         161 African Americans were lynched in a single year


         Ida B. Wells begins writing articles protesting lynchings in the South


         
1895

         Cotton States and International Exposition

         Booker T. Washington's Atlanta Compromise Speech

1896

          Plessy v. Ferguson


1898

         Spanish American War

         U.S. annexes Hawaiian Islands

         Spain gives Guam, the Philippines, and Puerto Rico to U.S.


1901

         President William McKinley is assassinated


         Vice President Theodore Roosevelt becomes president


1903

         United States begins building Panama Canal


1906

          Atlanta Race Riot


          Piedmont Park becomes a city park


1908

          Model T car invented


1909

          NAACP formed